Posts filed under ‘What are the Dianetics Axioms?’

What are the Dianetics Axioms?

L. Ron Hubbard discovered that man obeys very definite laws and rules which can be set forward in axioms. The very first and most fundamental of these axioms and the basic axiom of Dianetics is: The dynamic principle of existence is survive.

The Dianetic Axioms were put together in the fall of 1951 after careful examination over a long period of time. These 194 Dianetic Axioms contain a codification of the factors underlying all mental aberration.

Axiom 1
The source of life is a static of peculiar and particular properties.

Axiom 2
At least a portion of the static called life is impinged upon the physical universe.

Axiom 3
That portion of the static of life which is impinged upon the physical universe has for its dynamic goal, survival and only survival.

Axiom 4
The physical universe is reducible to motion of energy operating in space through time.

Axiom 5
That portion of the static of life concerned with the life organisms of the physical universe is concerned wholly with motion.

Axiom 6
The life static has as one of its properties the ability to mobilize and animate matter into living organisms.

Axiom 7
The life static is engaged in a conquest of the physical universe.

Axiom 8
The life static conquers the material universe by learning and applying the physical laws of the physical universe. SYMBOL: The symbol for the LIFE STATIC in use hereafter is the Greek letter THETA.

Axiom 9
A fundamental operation of THETA in surviving is bringing order into the chaos of the physical universe.

Axiom 10
THETA brings order into chaos by conquering whatever in MEST may be prosurvival and destroying whatever in MEST may be contrasurvival, at least through the medium of life organisms.

SYMBOL: The symbol for the PHYSICAL UNIVERSE in use hereafter is MEST, from the first letters of the words MATTER, ENERGY, SPACE and TIME, or the Greek letter PHI.

Axiom 11
A life organism is composed of matter and energy in space and time, animated by THETA.

SYMBOL: Living organism or organisms will hereafter be represented by the Greek letter LAMBDA.

Axiom 12
The MEST part of the organism follows the laws of the physical sciences. All LAMBDA is concerned with motion.

Axiom 13
THETA operating through LAMBDA converts the forces of the physical universe into forces to conquer the physical universe.

Axiom 14
THETA working upon physical universe motion must maintain a harmonious rate of motion. The limits of LAMBDA are narrow, both as to thermal and mechanical motion.

Axiom 15
LAMBDA is the intermediate step in the conquest of the physical universe.

Axiom 16
The basic food of any organism consists of light and chemicals.

Organisms can exist only as higher levels of complexities because lower levels of converters exist.

THETA evolves organisms from lower to higher forms and supports them by the existence of lower converter forms.

Axiom 17
THETA, via LAMBDA, effects an evolution of MEST.

In this we have the waste products of organisms on the one hand as those very complex chemicals which bacteria make and, on the other hand, we have the physical face of the Earth being changed by animals and men, such changes as grass holding mountains from eroding or roots causing boulders to break, buildings being built and rivers being dammed. There is obviously an evolution in MEST in progress under the incursion of THETA.

Axiom 18
LAMBDA, even within a species, varies in its endowment of THETA.

Axiom 19
The effort of LAMBDA is toward survival.

The goal of LAMBDA is survival.

The penalty of failure to advance toward that goal is to succumb.
DEFINITION: Persistence is the ability to exert continuance of effort toward survival goals.
Axiom 20
LAMBDA creates, conserves, maintains, requires, destroys, changes, occupies, groups and disperses MEST.

LAMBDA survives by animating and mobilizing or destroying matter and energy in space and time.

Axiom 21
LAMBDA is dependent upon optimum motion. Motion which is too swift and motion which is too slow are equally contrasurvival.

Axiom 22
THETA and thought are similar orders of static.

Axiom 23
All thought is concerned with motion.

Axiom 24
The establishment of an optimum motion is a basic goal of reason.

DEFINITION: LAMBDA is a chemical heat engine existing in space and time motivated by the life static and directed by thought.

Axiom 25
The basic purpose of reason is the calculation or estimation of effort.

Axiom 26
Thought is accomplished by THETA FACSIMILES of physical universe, entities or actions.

Axiom 27
THETA is satisfied only with harmonious action or optimum motion and rejects or destroys action or motion above or below its tolerance band.

Axiom 28
The mind is concerned wholly with the estimation of effort.

DEFINITION: Mind is the THETA command post of any organism or organisms.

Axiom 29
The basic errors of reason are failure to differentiate amongst matter, energy, space and time.

Axiom 30
Rightness is proper calculation of effort.

Axiom 31
Wrongness is always miscalculation of effort.

Axiom 32
THETA can exert itself directly or extensionally.

THETA can direct physical application of the organism to the environment or, through the mind, can first calculate the action or extend, as in language, ideas.

Axiom 33
Conclusions are directed toward the inhibition, maintenance or accelerations of efforts.

Axiom 34
The common denominator of all life organisms is motion.

Axiom 35
Effort of an organism to survive or succumb is physical motion of a life organism at a given moment in time through space.

DEFINITION: Motion is any change in orientation in space.

DEFINITION: Force is random effort.

DEFINITION: Effort is directed force.

Axiom 36
An organism’s effort can be to remain at rest or persist in a given motion.

Static state has position in time, but an organism which is remaining positionally in a static state, if alive, is still continuing a highly complex pattern of motion, such as the heartbeat, digestion, etc.

The efforts of organisms to survive or succumb are assisted, compelled or opposed by the efforts of other organisms, matter, energy, space and time.

DEFINITION: Attention is a motion which must remain at an optimum effort.

Attention is aberrated by becoming unfixed and sweeping at random or becoming too fixed without sweeping.

Unknown threats to survival when sensed cause attention to sweep without fixing.

Known threats to survival when sensed cause attention to fix.

Axiom 37
The ultimate goal of LAMBDA is infinite survival.

Axiom 38
Death is abandonment by THETA of a life organism or race or species where these can no longer serve THETA in its goals of infinite survival.

Axiom 39
The reward of an organism engaging upon survival activity is pleasure.

Axiom 40
The penalty of an organism failing to engage upon survival activity, or engaging in nonsurvival activity, is pain.

Axiom 41
The cell and virus are the primary building blocks of life organisms.

Axiom 42
The virus and cell are matter and energy animated and motivated in space and time by THETA.

Axiom 43
THETA mobilizes the virus and cell in colonial aggregations to increase potential motion and accomplish effort.

Axiom 44
The goal of viruses and cells is survival in space through time.

Axiom 45
The total mission of higher organisms, viruses and cells is the same as that of the virus and cell.

Axiom 46
Colonial aggregations of viruses and cells can be imbued with more THETA than they inherently contained. Life energy joins any group, whether a group of organisms or group of cells composing an organism. Here we have personal entity, individuation, etc.

Axiom 47
Effort can be accomplished by LAMBDA only through the coordination of its parts toward goals.

Axiom 48
An organism is equipped to be governed and controlled by a mind.

Axiom 49
The purpose of the mind is to pose and resolve problems relating to survival and to direct the effort of the organism according to these solutions.

Axiom 50
All problems are posed and resolved through estimations of effort.

Axiom 51
The mind can confuse position in space with position in time. (Counter-efforts producing action phrases.)

Axiom 52
An organism proceeding toward survival is directed by the mind of that organism in the accomplishment of survival effort.

Axiom 53
An organism proceeding toward succumb is directed by the mind of that organism in the accomplishment of death.

Axiom 54
Survival of an organism is accomplished by the overcoming of efforts opposing its survival. (Note: Corollary for other dynamics.) DEFINITION: Dynamic is the ability to translate solutions into action.

Axiom 55
Survival effort for an organism includes the dynamic thrust by that organism for the survival of itself, its procreation, its group, its subspecies, its species, all life organisms, material universe, the life static and, possibly, a Supreme Being. (Note: List of dynamics.)

Axiom 56
The cycle of an organism, a group of organisms or a species is inception, growth, re-creation, decay and death.

Axiom 57
The effort of an organism is directed toward the control of the environment for all the dynamics.

Axiom 58
Control of an environment is accomplished by the support of prosurvival factors along any dynamic.

Axiom 59
Any type of higher organism is accomplished by the evolution of viruses and cells into forms capable of better efforts to control or live in an environment.

Axiom 60
The usefulness of an organism is determined by its ability to control the environment or to support organisms which control the environment.

Axiom 61
An organism is rejected by THETA to the degree that it fails in its goals.

Axiom 62
Higher organisms can exist only in the degree that they are supported by the lower organisms.

Axiom 63
The usefulness of an organism is determined by the alignment of its efforts toward survival.

Axiom 64
The mind perceives and stores all data of the environment and aligns or fails to align these according to the time they were perceived.

DEFINITION: A conclusion is the THETA FACSIMILES of a group of combined data.

DEFINITION: A datum is a THETA FACSIMILE of physical action.

Axiom 65
The process of thought is the perception of the present and the comparison of it to the perceptions and conclusions of the past in order to direct action in the immediate or distant future.

COROLLARY: The attempt of thought is to perceive realities of the past and present in order to predict or postulate realities of the future.

Axiom 66
The process by which life effects its conquest of the material universe consists in the conversion of the potential effort of matter and energy in space and through time to effect with it the conversion of further matter and energy in space and through time.

Axiom 67
THETA contains its own THETA UNIVERSE effort which translates into MEST effort.

Axiom 68
The single arbitrary in any organism is time.

Axiom 69
Physical universe perceptions and efforts are received by an organism as force waves, convert by facsimile into THETA and are thus stored.

DEFINITION: Randomity is the misalignment through the internal or external efforts by other forms of life or the material universe of the efforts of an organism, and is imposed on the physical organism by counter-efforts in the environment.

Axiom 70
Any cycle of any life organism is from static to motion to static.

Axiom 71
The cycle of randomity is from static, through optimum, through randomity sufficiently repetitious or similar to constitute another static.

Axiom 72
There are two subdivisions to randomity: data randomity and force randomity.

Axiom 73
The three degrees of randomity consist of minus randomity, optimum randomity and plus randomity. DEFINITION: Randomity is a component factor and necessary part of motion, if motion is to continue.

Axiom 74
Optimum randomity is necessary to learning.

Axiom 75
The important factors in any area of randomity are effort and counter-effort. (Note: As distinguished from near perceptions of effort.)

Axiom 76
Randomity amongst organisms is vital to continuous survival of all organisms.

Axiom 77
THETA affects the organism, other organisms and the physical universe by translating THETA FACSIMILES into physical efforts or randomity of efforts.

DEFINITION: The degree of randomity is measured by the randomness of effort vectors within the organism, amongst organisms, amongst races or species of organisms or between organisms and the physical universe.

Axiom 78
Randomity becomes intense in indirect ratio to the time in which it takes place, modified by the total effort in the area.

Axiom 79
Initial randomity can be reinforced by randomities of greater or lesser magnitude.

Axiom 80
Areas of randomity exist in chains of similarity plotted against time. This can be true of words and actions contained in randomities. Each may have its own chain plotted against time.

Axiom 81
Sanity consists of optimum randomity.

Axiom 82
Aberration exists to the degree that plus or minus randomity exists in the environment or past data of an organism, group or species, modified by the endowed self-determinism of that organism, group or species.

Axiom 83
The self-determinism of an organism is determined by its THETA endowment, modified by minus or plus randomity in its environment or its existence.

Axiom 84
The self-determinism of an organism is increased by optimum randomity of counter-efforts.

Axiom 85
The self-determinism of an organism is reduced by plus or minus randomity of counter-efforts in the environment.

Axiom 86
Randomity contains both the randomness of efforts and the volume of efforts. (Note: An area of randomity can have a great deal of confusion, but without volume of energy, the confusion itself is negligible.)

Axiom 87
That counter-effort is most acceptable to an organism which most closely appears to assist its accomplishment of its goal.

Axiom 88
An area of severe plus or minus randomity can occlude data on any of the subjects of that plus or minus randomity which took place in a prior time. (Note: Shut-off mechanisms of earlier lives, perceptics, specific incidents, etc.)

Axiom 89
Restimulation of plus, minus or optimum randomity can produce increased plus, minus or optimum randomity respectively in the organism.

Axiom 90
An area of randomity can assume sufficient magnitude so as to appear to the organism as pain, according to its goals.

Axiom 91
Past randomity can impose itself upon the present organism as THETA FACSIMILES.

Axiom 92
The engram is a severe area of plus or minus randomity of sufficient volume to cause unconsciousness.

Axiom 93
Unconsciousness is an excess of randomity imposed by a counter-effort of sufficient force to cloud the awareness and direct function of the organism through the mind’s control center.

Axiom 94
Any counter-effort which misaligns the organism’s command of itself or its environment establishes plus or minus randomity or, if of sufficient magnitude, is an engram.

Axiom 95
Past engrams are restimulated by the control center’s perception of circumstances similar to that engram in the present environment.

Axiom 96
An engram is a THETA FACSIMILE of atoms and molecules in misalignment.

Axiom 97
Engrams fix emotional response as that emotional response of the organism during the receipt of the counter-effort.

Axiom 98
Free emotional response depends on optimum randomity. It depends upon absence of or nonrestimulation of engrams.

Axiom 99
THETA FACSIMILES can recombine into new symbols.

Axiom 100
Language is the symbolization of effort.

Axiom 101
Language depends for its force upon the force which accompanied its definition. (Note: Counter-effort, not language, is aberrative.)

Axiom 102
The environment can occlude the central control of any organism and assume control of the motor controls of that organism. (Engram, restimulation, locks, hypnotism.)
Axiom 103
Intelligence depends on the ability to select aligned or misaligned data from an area of randomity and so discover a solution to reduce all randomity in that area.

Axiom 104
Persistence obtains in the ability of the mind to put solutions into physical action toward the realization of goals.

Axiom 105
An unknown datum can produce data of plus or minus randomity.

Axiom 106
The introduction of an arbitrary factor or force without recourse to natural laws of the body or the area into which the arbitrary is introduced brings about plus or minus randomity.

Axiom 107
Data of plus or minus randomity depends for its confusion on former plus or minus randomity or absent data.

Axiom 108
Efforts which are inhibited or compelled by exterior efforts effect a plus or minus randomity of efforts.

Axiom 109
Behavior is modified by counter-efforts which have impinged on the organism.

Axiom 110
The component parts of THETA are affinity, reality and communication.

Axiom 111
Self-determinism consists of maximal affinity, reality and communication.

Axiom 112
Affinity is the cohesion of THETA.

Affinity manifests itself as the recognition of similarity of efforts and goals amongst organisms by those organisms.

Axiom 113
Reality is the agreement upon perceptions and data in the physical universe.

All that we can be sure is real is that on which we have agreed is real. Agreement is the essence of reality.

Axiom 114
Communication is the interchange of perception through the material universe between organisms or the perception of the material universe by sense channels.

Axiom 115
Self-determinism is the THETA control of the organism.

Axiom 116
A self-determined effort is that counter-effort which has been received into the organism in the past and integrated into the organism for its conscious use.

Axiom 117
The components of self-determinism are affinity, communication and reality. Self-determinism is manifested along each dynamic.

Axiom 118
An organism cannot become aberrated unless it has agreed upon that aberration, has been in communication with a source of aberration and has had affinity for the aberrator.

Axiom 119
Agreement with any source, contra- or prosurvival, postulates a new reality for the organism.

Axiom 120
Nonsurvival courses, thoughts and actions require non-optimum effort.

Axiom 121
Every thought has been preceded by physical action.

Axiom 122
The mind does with thought as it has done with entities in the physical universe.

Axiom 123
All effort concerned with pain is concerned with loss.

Organisms hold pain and engrams to them as a latent effort to prevent loss of some portion of the organism. All loss is a loss of motion.

Axiom 124
The amount of counter-effort the organism can overcome is proportional to the THETA endowment of the organism, modified by the physique of that organism.

Axiom 125
Excessive counter-effort to the effort of a life organism produces unconsciousness.

COROLLARY: Unconsciousness gives the suppression of an organism’s control center by counter-effort.

DEFINITION: The control center of the organism can be defined as the contact point between THETA and the physical universe and is that center which is aware of being aware and which has charge of and responsibility for the organism along all its dynamics.

Axiom 126
Perceptions are always received in the control center of an organism whether the control center is in control of the organism at the time or not.

This is an explanation for the assumption of valences.

Axiom 127
All perceptions reaching the organism’s sense channels are recorded and stored by THETA FACSIMILE.

DEFINITION: Perception is the process of recording data from the physical universe and storing it as a THETA FACSIMILE.

DEFINITION: Recall is the process of regaining perceptions.

Axiom 128
Any organism can recall everything which it has perceived.

Axiom 129
An organism displaced by plus or minus randomity is thereafter remote from the perception recording center. Increased remoteness brings about occlusions of perceptions. One can perceive things in present time and then, because they are being recorded after they passed THETA perception of the awareness unit, they are recorded but cannot be recalled.

Axiom 130
THETA FACSIMILES of counter effort are all that interpose between the control center and its recalls.

Axiom 131
Any counter-effort received into a control center is always accompanied by all perceptics.

Axiom 132
The random counter-efforts to an organism and the intermingled perceptions in the randomity can reexert that force upon an organism when restimulated.

DEFINITION: Restimulation is the reactivation of a past counter-effort by appearance in the organism’s environment of a similarity toward the content of the past randomity area.

Axiom 133
Self-determinism alone brings about the mechanism of restimulation.

Axiom 134
A reactivated area of the past randomity impinges the effort and the perceptions upon the organism.

Axiom 135
Activation of a randomity area is accomplished first by the perceptions, then by the pain, finally by the effort.

Axiom 136
The mind is plastically capable of recording all efforts and counter-efforts.

Axiom 137
A counter-effort accompanied by sufficient (enrandomed) force impresses the facsimile of the counter-effort personality into the mind of an organism.

Axiom 138
Aberration is the degree of residual plus or minus randomity accumulated by compelling, inhibiting or unwarranted assisting of efforts on the part of other organisms or the physical (material) universe.

Aberration is caused by what is done to the individual, not what the individual does, plus his self-determinism about what has been done to him.

Axiom 139
Aberrated behavior consists of destructive effort toward prosurvival data or entities on any dynamic, or effort toward the survival of contrasurvival data or entities for any dynamic.

Axiom 140
A valence is a facsimile personality made capable of force by the counter-effort of the moment of receipt into the plus or minus randomity of unconsciousness.

Valences are assistive, compulsive or inhibitive to the organism. A control center is not a valence.

Axiom 141
A control center effort is aligned toward a goal through definite space as a recognized incident in time.

Axiom 142
An organism is as healthy and sane as it is self-determined.

The environmental control of the organism motor controls inhibits the organism’s ability to change with the changing environment, since the organism will attempt to carry forward with one set of responses when it needs by self-determinism to create another to survive in another environment.

Axiom 143
All learning is accomplished by random effort.

Axiom 144
A counter-effort producing sufficient plus or minus randomity to record is recorded with an index of space and time as hidden as the remainder of its content.

Axiom 145
A counter-effort producing sufficient plus or minus randomity when activated by restimulation exerts itself against the environment or the organism without regard to space and time, except reactivated perceptions.

Axiom 146
Counter-efforts are directed out from the organism until they are further enrandomed by the environ at which time they again activate against the control center.

Axiom 147
An organism’s mind employs counter-efforts effectively only so long as insufficient plus or minus randomity exists to hide differentiation of the facsimiles created.

Axiom 148
Physical laws are learned by life energy only by impingement of the physical universe producing randomity, and a withdrawal from that impingement.

Axiom 149
Life depends upon an alignment of force vectors in the direction of survival and the nullification of force vectors in the direction of succumb in order to survive.

COROLLARY: Life depends upon an alignment of force vectors in the direction of succumb and the nullification of force vectors in the direction of survive in order to succumb.

Axiom 150
Any area of randomity gathers to it situations similar to it which do not contain actual efforts but only perceptions.

Axiom 151
Whether an organism has the goal of surviving or succumbing depends upon the amount of plus or minus randomity it has reactivated. (Not residual.)

Axiom 152
Survival is accomplished only by motion.

Axiom 153
In the physical universe the absence of motion is vanishment.

Axiom 154
Death is the equivalent to life of total lack of life-motivated motion.

Axiom 155
Acquisition of prosurvival matter and energy or organisms in space and time means increased motion.

Axiom 156
Loss of prosurvival matter and energy or organisms in space and time means decreased motion.

Axiom 157
Acquisition or proximity of matter, energy or organisms which assist the survival of an organism increase the survival potentials of an organism.

Axiom 158
Acquisition or proximity of matter, energy or organisms which inhibit the survival of an organism decrease its survival potential.

Axiom 159
Gain of survival energy, matter or organisms increases the freedom of an organism.

Axiom 160
Receipt or proximity of nonsurvival energy, matter or time decreases the freedom of motion of an organism.

Axiom 161
The control center attempts the halting or lengthening of time, the expansion or contraction of space and the decrease or increase of energy and matter.

This is a primary source of invalidation, and it is also a primary source of aberration.

Axiom 162
Pain is the balk of effort by counter-effort in great intensity, whether that effort is to remain at rest or in motion.

Axiom 163
Perception, including pain, can be exhausted from an area of plus or minus randomity, still leaving the effort and counter-effort of that plus or minus randomity.

Axiom 164
The rationality of the mind depends upon an optimum reaction toward time.

DEFINITION: Sanity, the computation of futures.

DEFINITION: Neurotic, the computation of present time only.

DEFINITION: Psychotic, computation only of past situations.

Axiom 165
Survival pertains only to the future.

COROLLARY: Succumb pertains only to the present and past.

Axiom 166
An individual is as happy as he can perceive survival potentials in the future.

Axiom 167
As the needs of any organism are met it rises higher and higher in its efforts along the dynamics.

An organism which achieves ARC with itself can better achieve ARC with sex in the future; having achieved this it can achieve ARC with groups; having achieved this, it can achieve ARC with mankind, etc.

Axiom 168
Affinity, reality and communication coexist in an inextricable relationship.

The coexistent relationship between affinity, reality and communication is such that none can be increased without increasing the other two and none can be decreased without decreasing the other two.

Axiom 169
Any aesthetic product is a symbolic facsimile or combination of facsimiles of theta or physical universes in varied randomities and volumes of randomities with the interplay of tones.

Axiom 170
An aesthetic product is an interpretation of the universes by an individual or group mind.

Axiom 171
Delusion is the postulation by the imagination of occurrences in areas of plus or minus randomity.

Axiom 172
Dreams are the imaginative reconstruction of areas of randomity or the resymbolization of the efforts of theta.

Axiom 173
A motion is created by the degree of optimum randomity introduced by the counter-effort to an organism’s effort.

Axiom 174
MEST which has been mobilized by life forms is in more affinity with life organisms than nonmobilized MEST.

Axiom 175
All past perception, conclusion and existence moments, including those of plus or minus randomity, are recoverable to the control center of the organism.

Axiom 176
The ability to produce survival effort on the part of an organism is affected by the degrees of randomity existing in its past. (This includes learning.)

Axiom 177
Areas of past plus or minus randomity can be readdressed by the control center of an organism and the plus or minus randomity exhausted.

Axiom 178
The exhaustion of past plus or minus randomities permits the control center of an organism to effect its own efforts toward survival goals.

Axiom 179
The exhaustion of self-determined effort from a past area of plus or minus randomity nullifies the effectiveness of that area.

Axiom 180
Pain is the randomity produced by sudden or strong counter-efforts.

Axiom 181
Pain is stored as plus or minus randomity.

Axiom 182
Pain, as an area of plus or minus randomity, can reinflict itself upon the organism.

Axiom 183
Past pain becomes ineffective upon the organism when the randomity of its area is addressed and aligned.

Axiom 184
The earlier the area of plus or minus randomity, the greater self-produced effort existed to repel it.

Axiom 185
Later areas of plus or minus randomity cannot be realigned easily until earlier areas are realigned.

Axiom 186
Areas of plus or minus randomity become increased in activity when perceptions of similarity are introduced into them.

Axiom 187
Past areas of plus or minus randomity can be reduced and aligned by address to them in present time.

Axiom 188
Absolute good and absolute evil do not exist in the MEST universe.

Axiom 189
That which is good for an organism may be defined as that which promotes the survival of that organism.

COROLLARY: Evil may be defined as that which inhibits or brings plus or minus randomity into the organism, which is contrary to the survival motives of the organism.

Axiom 190
Happiness consists in the act of bringing alignment into hitherto resisting plus or minus randomity. Neither the act or action of attaining survival, nor the accomplishment of this act itself, brings about happiness.

Axiom 191
Construction is an alignment of data.

COROLLARY: Destruction is a plus or minus randomity of data. The effort of constructing is the alignment toward the survival of the aligning organism. Destruction is the effort of bringing randomity into an area.

Axiom 192
Optimum survival behavior consists of effort in the maximum survival interest in everything concerned in the dynamics.

Axiom 193
The optimum survival solution of any problem would consist of the highest attainable survival for every dynamic concerned.

Axiom 194
The worth of any organism consists of its value to the survival of its own THETA along any dynamic.


October 24, 2007 at 7:01 am Leave a comment


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